Sensory neurons transmit signals from sensory organs to the central nervous system.

Interneurons process and relay information within the central nervous system.

Motor neurons carry signals from the central nervous system to muscles and glands.

Pyramidal neurons are found in the cerebral cortex and play a crucial role in motor control.

Purkinje cells are located in the cerebellum and contribute to motor coordination.

Bipolar neurons are involved in sensory processes, particularly in the eyes and nose.

Unipolar neurons have a single process extending from the cell body and are often found in the peripheral nervous system.

Multipolar neurons, with multiple dendrites, are common in the brain and spinal cord.

Mirror neurons are implicated in social cognition and imitation.

Dopaminergic neurons produce dopamine, influencing mood, reward, and motor control.